Charlie Dove

Charlie Dove

Born: 1879 (London)

Signed: 1895

Position: Right Half

Appearances: 52

Goals: 3

Left: 1901 (Millwall)

Internation Caps: 0


Charlie Dove was born in 1879. He was an apprentice riveter with the Thames Iron Works when he agreed to play for the works team. He had already shown great promise playing for two local teams, Upton Park and South West Ham. According to the East Ham Echo, Dove was the "finest right half back in Essex" (23rd April, 1898). During his career, he played in every position for West Ham, including goalkeeper. In 1901 Dove was sold to Millwall. The following year he suffered a serious injury that ended his football career.

Relatively Nat & Liv's Natalie Halcro Announces the Birth of Her First Child

The Relatively Nat & Liv star, 32, gave birth to her first child — a baby girl named Dove — on Feb. 4, according to an Instagram post she shared on Wednesday.

Halcro shared the happy news alongside a photo of herself holding her newborn daughter in a hospital bed.

“Welcome to the world Baby Girl,” she wrote in the caption. “My heart is so full ? DOVE 02|04|2020.”

After announcing the birth of her daughter, Halcro received a slew of congratulatory messages from her followers, including pals Kim and Khloé Kardashian.

“I’m in love already. ” Kim, 39, commented.

“How are you this perfect right afterwards. Wow she’s such an angel. ” Khloé, 35, gushed. “May God bless you both always.”

Famous friends Paris Hilton, Christina Milian, Maria Menounos, Shanina Shaik, Lisa Hochstein and Lilly Ghalichi also left notes congratulating the influencer on the newest addition to her family.

Halcro first announced her pregnancy in November, telling fans in an Instagram post shared on Thanksgiving that she was already 29 weeks along.

“One more reason to be thankful this year #29weeks,” she captioned two picture of her baby bump.

At the time, Halcro did not reveal the identity of the baby’s father.

Halcro formerly starred on WAGS from 2015 to 2017 before getting her own reality show, Relatively Nat & Liv, with cousin Olivia Pierson.

Ahead of the show’s premiere last June, Halcro and Pierson spoke to PEOPLE about what fans could expect on the series, which follows the women as they spend time with family and travel back and forth from Los Angeles to their native Vancouver.

“We’re transparent,” Halcro explained. “You’ll see people being vulnerable, the fights, the rocky spots. We don’t hold back.”

DOVER Genealogy

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Please join us in collaborating on DOVER family trees. We need the help of good genealogists to grow a completely free shared family tree to connect us all.


A Brief History of Fashion’s Most NSFW, Controversial Ad Campaigns

The designers behind Eckhaus Latta have always been ones to do things their way, but they took that defiance to another level this week by unveiling a campaign featuring models not just wearing their spring 2017 collection, but having real sex while doing so. Though pixelated, the images still caused such a hubbub that the brand’s site crashed, proving yet again that sex sells—or at least, as Zoe Latta put it, “creates some rubbernecking.” Their approach was definitely more explicit, but the fashion industry has a long, proud history of steaming up its ads. It’s an approach that’s almost synonymous with the brand Calvin Klein, which has consistently made waves since enlisting in 1980 a then 15-year-old Brooke Shields to tell Richard Avedon that nothing gets between her and her Calvins. From the U.K. Advertising Standards Agency’s banned images of actress Dakota Fanning and Mia Goth to Tom Ford’s provocative days at Gucci, go back in time and revisit some of fashion’s most explicit, controversial, and definitely NSFW ad campaigns.

For their first large-scale campaign, the designers behind Eckhaus Latta enlisted a diverse group of 30-something couples to not only wear their spring 2017 collection, but have real sex in front of the camera for the photographer Heji Shin, who had produced a similar series of images for a German sex education book for teenagers.

NESARA Is NESARA a Big Scam or Hoax?

As a serious researcher of major cover-ups, many have written to ask my thoughts about NESARA. Is it a hoax or a scam? I first learned about NESARA in 2002. I have investigated this fairly carefully and have serious doubts about the NESARA claims.

Originally, there were two conflicting websites focused on NESARA. The "Dove of Oneness" version was promulgated at This well researched report from the Tacoma News Tribune reveals Dove as Shaini Goodwin, a master of deception. I highly recommend this article as it beautifully shows how some people are ensnared in this and so many other scams. The website was discontinued in 2010 after Goodwin's death. This link takes you to an archived copy of her website on

The second version, run by a Ph.D. systems engineer named Harvey Barnard, was promoted on, which claimed to be the official NESARA website. Barnard clearly denounced Dove. By using you can see that came onto the scene first in June of 2001. The Dove of Oneness NESARA website started in November of 2002. Though Barnard died in 2005, the website continued to be maintained until it was taken down in early 2015. This link takes you to an archived copy of Barnard's website.

Numerous iterations of NESARA propaganda have popped up on the Internet since these first two. I find it hard to believe any of them, though there is certainly some convincing information presented for those who don't explore deeper into the matter. The NESARA bill, available on this webpage, was written by Barnard as an "academic exercise." Though very well thought out and written, it never went anywhere, as he himself fully admitted. Dove's claims that it was secretly passed by Congress in 2000 were a fabrication, as made clear in this article.

Anyone who is encouraging you to spend money and go into debt because it won't matter anymore in the future is, in my opinion, highly suspect, especially if they are asking for your money. Read the email exchange I had on this below and the following two articles. Both articles are quite intriguing. Don't believe everything written here, but consider that at least some of it may be true.

I invite you to be careful if you do choose to be involved in this matter. I especially don't advise going further into debt with the hope that it will all be forgiven. The NESARA bill written by Barnard had some thought-provoking ideas in it, yet I'm certain it never was accepted in Congress, and it has been used by Dove and others to promote a big, sophisticated hoax. It is likely that disinformation agents are helping to promote it to lead good people down false rabbit holes. I invite us all to open to our spiritual guidance and ask for what's best for all in these matters. Take care.

Note: Remember that, as reported in this NBC/AP article, governments spend literally billions of dollars in psy-ops (psychological operations), some of which I have no doubt are designed lead us astray and to keep us from knowing the deeper truths.

I ran across a quote of yours on Jean Hudon's email list. You mentioned NESARA. I have been following the NESARA'S Dove of Oneness reports for about a month now and it gave me so much hope. I did tell myself that I needed to be aware of the saying "If it sounds too good to be true, it probally is!" I have just been waiting to see if Jean would be talking about NESARA on his site and here you are today. Would you please be so kind as to write to me and tell me what you know about NESARA?

I'm not saying the information is not true, but there are huge amounts of money and time being spent to concoct stories which gullible, well intentioned New Age people like ourselves will often swallow all too easily. NESARA is a wonderful example of that if you have heard of it. Yes, we need to spread the news for those who are ready to hear, but let's make sure that news is credible. Thank you so much for your time.

Having been involved in high level politics as an interpreter, I was both very impressed and very suspicious of NESARA when I first heard about it almost a year ago. It was just too big to be kept a secret, even though it was done incredibly professionally. I am fairly certain that it is secret government disinformation to throw good-hearted people off the track, and to drive people further into debt, thinking they won't have to pay for it. One of our team has talked with Dove and was disturbed with her responses as well. She recommends the articles below. Thanks for checking in and have a wonderful, blessed day!

With lots of love and support,
Fred Burks
April 29, 2003

Rumor Mill News Reading Room Forum


Posted By: Patriotlad
Date: Tuesday, 24 December 2002, 12:03 p.m.


For several weeks, in a series of postings and opinions published here on Rumor Mill News, the CEO of the Durham Trust has related the story of how E.J. and Doris J. Ekker of Tehachapi, California and Las Vegas, Nevada, have created fraudulent financial instruments based on the mammoth Peruvian Commodity Contract known as the Bonus 3392-181. V.K. Durham, also known as Granny Herrman or the widow of Colonel Russell Herrman of the OSS and CIA, is that CEO and is the lawful signatory to the Bonus Contract. In the series of articles entitled the Texas Two Step & The Billionaire Boys' Club, she detailed the ways in which a select group of corporate leaders and politicians tried to create an "insiders' only" club for doing business in the whole of the western world. She has given precise details of the murder of her husband, Colonel Herrman.

She has revealed that the two Ekkers, who were long-time scam artists operating under various corporation or partnership names, created an entire mythology of a "Spaceship Commander" from the Pleiades -- named Hatonn -- who communicated by a special radio frequency that only Doris Ekkers could receive. She has discussed how the creation of the Global Alliance Investment Association and other groups which may use a similar acronym -- GAIA -- are the "financial muscle" behind this cult mythology. She has related to RMN readers how this self-styled channel for the "Hatonn" has also reserved the alias of Germain, as in St. Germain, the Ascended Master who was also a man of noble birth who lived in France prior to their Revolution.

V.K. Durham has provided extensive documentation and made the links to show that the Ekkers' scams have netted them something in excess of $17 million in gold and that they left behind some $5 million in gold coins, when they skedaddled out of the United States in late 1997. She and others have provided information linking the Ekkers to scams run on elderly U.S. Citizens, like Betty Tuten of Nevada, who lost $402,000 to one of their "investment" plans.

An article published in the Sunday Telegraph of London in 2001 revealed that the Ekkers took a fortune in gold coins from a retired mathematician in Austin, Texas, one Dave Overton, by selling him on the reality of their spaceship commander -- Hatonn. He was a mathematical genius and a notable eccentric, and a Nevada court determined in 1994 that Mr. Overton had been swindled by the Ekkers and George Green, their one-time business agent. After he died, his estate was probated and some of the money they took from him was returned to it.

Through it all, these two Ekkers have conducted their business -- which is nothing more than scamming, selling mythologies and dreams of interstellar glory, and falsified gold bonds and instruments -- with the help of a bewildering variety of corporations and partnerships. The Ekkers even founded a church and then used that Church to sue themselves! Why? It was done in order to get publicity, to create a 'victim status,' and to keep the readers of their publications "involved", that is to say -- using "Ritual." Throughout it all, they have somehow won and held the allegiance of a variety of people with many talents.

The latest and deadliest scam, based on yet another improbable mythology, is the "secret law" called NESARA or the National Stabilization And Reformation Act, which has been ceaselessly propagated by one who calls herself "the Dove of Oneness". The mythologies of NESARA all revolve around the legitimate losses and the truly tragic swindles of the Savings and Loan crisis of the late 1980s. Hundreds of thousands of farm and ranching families and rural businesses were drawn into the whirlpool of bankruptcy and foreclosures, and from that long-running tragedy was generated a movement which has been called The Farm Claims.

The Dove of Oneness, who claims to receive messages from the Ascended Master St. Germain, has taken many opportunities to link the origin of NESARA as a secret law reforming the whole of the United States' tax code, abolishing the income tax, to then moving the country into a gold standard. Whether this individual knows it or not, the so-called Master is none other than Doris J. Ekker, who has registered the alias of St. Germain.

NESARA is not just a mythology. It is not just a scam designed to build an e-mail list for later use by other confidence men, fraud experts and flim-flam artists! It is an incredibly dangerous and insidious trap, a psychological warfare tactic, designed to ensnare thousands of good and patriotic Americans, and to taint and sully the whole of a group of people who have become known as "the Children of Light."

This message arrived just two days ago, while the Rumor Mill Forum was still down, and it comes from an impeccable source:

"E.J. Ekker has been a Navy intelligence asset for almost 30 years."

But isn't Naval Intelligence the soul of Faction Two?

Talk about turning on the lights! The plan is to destroy the Children of Light, before they ever see one dollar of prosperity from any program or any fund of any kind!

Talk about selling out the Children of Light, for the benefit of the Dark Agenda, as Dove calls it! The question immediately redounds -- how can a man who is a Naval Intelligence asset operate in the clear, as a scam artist, working both traditional forms of confidence and creating an entire "spaceship mythology" with a virulently anti-Israel and anti-Federal Reserve System bias, continue to enjoy his success while in exile? Who is protecting him? Is it Faction 1, the New World Order and the Satanists? Is it Faction 2, the principled opposition to the New World Order and the advocates of a return to lawful money, the gold standard and the Constitution? Why does E.J. Ekker seem to have complete and absolute immunity, even as he and Doris J. Ekker float their false instruments to leverage gold and funnel monies to the Al Qaeda network of terrorist groups? Which side are they on?

The answer is shocking and shockingly obvious:

The Ekkers are on both sides. They are Triple Agents, the most skilled and skilful operatives ever known, and they have very nearly succeeded in selling their entire NESARA

Prosperity Programs mythology to a monster-sized audience. But why? Why pull a Triple Cross on the people of the United States and Canada, and all the others who have put money into prosperity programs like the Bergavine, the SBC, the Treasurygate and the mighty Omega? What is the purpose?


The impeccable source also informs Rumor Mill News that E.J. Ekker was one of the most brilliant operatives ever to appear in the world of "cloak and daggers." When connecting the dots, it now appears clear, very clear, that he is a Triple Agent:

*** The Ekkers, and E.J. in particular, are Triple Agents and the NESARA mythology is a scam, but more than that, it is a Triple Cross --

1. The first purpose of Faction 2 has been, we are told, to bankrupt and destroy the Federal Reserve System, which is the private banking cartel and the oppressor holding sway over these United States (and Canada, too). What E.J. Ekker was conniving to do, was to bring in those gold-backed bonds and gold certificates and to bring the cash that the phony Deeds of Assignment were used to create, to whack the Fed Res Sys into pieces. No doubt some of what Ekker has assembled in the portfolio of GAIA is legitimate. But most of it is a forgery.

2. The Faction opposing the New World Order has been linked to Naval Intelligence, and to men who are loyal to the Constitution and the organic United States: now it is clear that the Ekkers were tripling-up -- working their bona fides as F-1 agents and representing themselves to Faction 2 as having 'defected in place'. V.K. Durham confirms that Doris Ekker has often represented herself as "working for a higher authority" than the President! In reality, the Ekkers have been working for F-1, the Satanic New World Order at a much higher level!

3. The drive for nine months or more, with the Dove, et al., has been to build her email list. Clearly, the goal of F-1 was to allow F-2 to use those false Deeds of Assignment, along with many legitimate instruments and other gold assets, to bring those Trillions said to be in the prosperity programs back into play. To do what is right and proper in making "whole" the great tragedy of the farm and ranch foreclosures and the ruined lives that spawned the Farm Claims.

4. Now, to bring these assets into the country as financial instruments convertible into monies, would be a good thing if they were not based on the fraudulent Deeds of Assignment written by the Ekkers and using -- among other things -- their false front Cosmos Seafood Energy groups. But the money is coming in from abroad, that does make it subject to federal oversight, and so what happens next?


The Ekkers will be revealed in the mass (controlled) media as being the Sugar Daddy and the Sugar Momma of the Al Qaeda! Then, just when the Trillions of dollars which the Ekkers have ginned up by selling falsified gold instruments, actually move into position and the program recipients are given access.

Then -- the Children of Light would be tarred with the brush of having taken money directly from the Al Qaeda Headquarters in Manila, and by way of Islamic banking operations which are holding debentures! The Federal Reserve System would be tasked to seek out and seize or freeze all of these funds (thus, sacrificing the Ekkers), and federal law enforcement and Anti-Terrorist units would then proceed to use the Dove list! They would then seek out and arrest the most prominent supporters of these legitimate Farm Claims, thus destroying the nucleus of a true political opposition by decapitating and ruining its most ardent advocates.

The gravity of the situation cannot be underestimated! Whereas it is not practical to arrest 300,000+ people around the world in one or two day's time, it is not actually necessary to do that at all! The purpose is to take down the Farm Claims activists, not to take the properties they have already lost, but to turn them into confessed criminals or indicted co-conspirators!

The people on the Dove list would be arrested for "financial terrorism" as soon as they got their monies in their accounts, and sought to access. Meanwhile the Children of Light would either be sullied and made pariahs, or set up for indictments, too. The monies -- all of the Trillions -- would then be seized or frozen or sequestered, and the Fed Res Sys would be made liquid again by keeping all those assets in place in their member banks. We know from experience that it takes years to get seized assets back, the legal costs are immense, and what assets are the Farm Claimants going to have to use? None.

V.K. Durham estimates that the liabilities for bad paper and bad derivatives investments, accruing to the Federal Reserve System are at or in excess of $31 Trillion dollars. Then, consider that the total said to be moving into the Omega, Bergavine, Farm Claims and other related programs is in excess of $37 Trillion dollars USDA. That leaves a nice "skim" of some $5 to 6 Trillion in gold-backed monies for the use of those who are on 'the inside' with this brilliant Triple Cross.

It is a Triple Play, in the parlance of baseball, and every runner is put out, and all the bases are cleared. The impeccable source reporting to Rumor Mill News said this about E.J. Ekker, as a spy, a confidence man, a planner --

". his skills alone are some of the best around and he has always surrounded himself with the best in all fields", and that includes the use of the Internet and computers and tracking.

The Ekkers are operating the Dove as an asset, even if she doesn't know it: she and her crew are a GAIA cell. So, too, is Patrick Bellringer. So? So, it does matter, in life and death terms, it does matter!

The Dove's legion of followers would suddenly be faced with doing hard time, once they did get their monies and their defense would be the illusory NESARA law, which nobody has ever seen in print. Furthermore, the Children of Light would be both disenfranchised and "targetted" as supporters or co-operators with the Al Qaeda, and the now-bankrupt Fed Res Sys would be given new life -- albeit a new life based on the fraudulent Deeds of Assignment, debentures and other instruments faked up and phonied up by the Ekkers and their crew -- but a life that they could easily continue to live and enjoy!

Triple Threat. Triple Cross. Triple Play.

If you are on the Dove's list -- YOU ARE IT, and YOU ARE OUT.

Rumors&mdashThe "Real" NESARA

Dr. Harvey Barnard started his search for a root cause and the solutions to America's social problems in the late 1960s when a professor at Louisiana State University casually remarked during a lecture that social and economic problems could be analyzed and solved with the same tools and techniques used to solve industrial problems. That single comment launched a lifetime pursuit of intellectual curiosity that later became a crusade, driven by nothing more than the challenge of doing the seemingly impossible.

After many years of personal study, Dr. Barnard developed a new theory of money. His NESARA legislative proposal began as a formal idea in the late 1980s. The current NESARA proposal saw first light in the early 1990s as a proposal for monetary policy reform. Later Dr. Barnard added his proposals for fiscal policy reform. In 1996 Dr. Barnard self-published his first version of Draining the Swamp, which contained the first public copy of his full NESARA proposal. He circulated copies to members of Congress and other influential political actors. After numerous personal attempts to introduce NESARA to Congress, including attempts to encourage presidential candidates to use NESARA as part of a political reform platform, Dr. Barnard decided that the best hope for meaningful reform was through a grass roots effort.'

In 1999, with the world wide web beginning to impact modern social structures, he decided to place his NESARA proposal into the public domain and went live with his web site in the summer of 2000. He founded the NESARA Institute in 2001. Shortly after introducing NESARA to the world wide web, certain people latched onto the NESARA idea and began promoting a different version of this story. Supporters of the altered version of the NESARA story believe that NESARA was enacted into law secretly during the Clinton administration, that there are "White Knights" working tirelessly behind the political scenes to inform the world of this secret legislation, and that the altered version of NESARA promises numerous debt forgiveness elements.

Originally, the altered story did not dispute the original NESARA acronym used by Dr. Barnard, but as the rumors increased, supporters then also altered the NESARA acronym. Although little more than a curiosity for a few years, the altered version of the NESARA story took on a life of its own and now grows throughout the world wide web much like a cancer. So influential is this alternate effort that many people have protested outside the World Court, and some people have paid thousands of dollars to advertise their version of NESARA on the side panels of advertising trucks in Washington, D.C. Sadly, this disinformation campaign has reduced the credibility of Dr. Barnard's efforts and today the word "NESARA" is an ill-received word at Congress. To this day Dr. Barnard's NESARA proposal has yet to be introduced into Congress.

The staff at the NESARA Institute understands part of the emotional and psychological reasons why people support the alternate version of NESARA. Dr. Barnard intended to provide meaningful social reform through his NESARA proposal. He believed that no meaningful social reform was possible without meaningful monetary system reform. Dr. Barnard believed that although individual units of money were privately owned, the monetary exchange system itself was owned by everybody and that the system must be fair and equitable to all people at all times and not just benefit a few politically privileged people.

Part of that monetary reform required modifying the fundamental equations that drive the current economic system, primarily through the socially disruptive concept known as compound interest. By restructuring those equations Dr. Barnard believed that meaningful monetary reform was possible. Restructuring those equations necessarily implied a shift in the character of debt. Debt would not disappear, but most people would find themselves in debt for shorter periods. This effort would return resources to people so that they once again tasted and experienced meaningful social liberty.

Unfortunately, many supporters of the alternate NESARA story interpreted this change in the character of debt as a debt reduction or debt forgiveness plan. Perhaps more sadly is that several investment schemes and prosperity programs circulate around this alternate NESARA story and because so many people desire meaningful monetary reform, find themselves succumbing to the Siren's lure and provide these schemers money. Money that is never again seen nor is any return on investment ever realized. Of course, the alternate NESARA story rests upon a conspiracy theory in that NESARA allegedly was passed secretly.

Thus, researchers can ask for a copy of this alleged act, but will be told that no copy exists because of the secret passage. Diligent researchers are reminded of the impossibility of honestly investigating this alternate version of NESARA and that such difficulties should provide clues about authenticity. Additionally, the process of enacting a legislative proposal and bill into law is easily understood by surfing the web. Researchers will learn that no proposed legislation or bill is ever enacted secretly. Of course, the copy of NESARA proposed by Dr. Barnard is available here at this web site, as well as in Draining the Swamp.

There also are claims from supporters of the alternate NESARA that Dr. Barnard and NESARA Institute staff members all work for President Bush or other nefarious "New World Order" organizations. They also claim that NESARA as presented here at this web site is merely a ploy to detract people from knowing the so-called "true" NESARA. Before investing funds with anybody, one should diligently research the investment plan. That research includes reading literature, conversing with people, and then seriously evaluating the information based upon facts and not pure emotion. The staff at the NESARA Institute empathizes with those who have lost hard earned funds to these schemers and scam promoters, but a life of social liberty begins first and foremost with self-responsibility. Perhaps one day the alternate NESARA story will fizzle and disappear, but as long as people act and respond through emotion rather than intelligence then these scam artists will continue to succeed.

Some people believe that there is no such thing as bad publicity, but many serious NESARA advocates now realize that there also is a point of no return with some kinds of publicity. Credibility becomes a factor because of the effort to circulate the alternate NESARA story. Serious advocates of Dr. Barnard's NESARA idea would like to see NESARA introduced into Congress. Serious advocates realize that doing so is an uphill battle simply through the fundamental political process, but that the alternate NESARA story makes that hill steeper and more difficult to climb. True monetary and fiscal policy reform still await. Social conflict continues because of the flawed equations that drive the system.

Please exercise some common sense before deciding to support the alternate NESARA story. For further information:

All the darkness in the world cannot put out the light of a single candle.

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Log entries

  • "Captain's log, stardate 1312.4. The impossible has happened. From directly ahead, we're picking up a recorded distress signal, the call letters of a vessel which has been missing for over two centuries. Did another Earthship probe out of the galaxy as we intend to do? What happened to it out there? Is this some warning they've left behind?"
  • "Captain's log, stardate 1312.9. Ship's condition – heading back on impulse power only. Main engines burned out. The ship's space-warp ability – gone. Earth bases, which were only days away are now years in the distance. Our overriding question now is – what destroyed the Valiant? They lived through the barrier, just as we have. What happened to them after that?"
  • "Captain's log, stardate 1313.1. We're now approaching Delta Vega. Course set for a standard orbit. This planet, completely uninhabited, is slightly smaller than Earth, desolate, but rich in crystal and minerals. Kelso's task – transport down with a repair party, try to regenerate the main engines, save the ship. Our task – transport down a man I've known for 15 years, and if we're successful, maroon him there."
  • "Captain's log, stardate 1313.3. Note commendations on Lieutenant Kelso and the engineering staff. In orbit above us, the engines of the Enterprise are almost fully regenerated. Balance of the landing party is being transported back up. Mitchell, whatever he's become, keeps changing, growing stronger by the minute."
  • "Captain's log, stardate 1313.8. Add to official losses, Dr. Elizabeth Dehner. Be it noted she gave her life in performance of her duty. Lieutenant Commander Gary Mitchell. Same notation."

5. McDonald's 'Carry On' Campaign

The campaign, which featured McDonald's signs referencing public tragedies including 9/11 and the Boston Marthon bombings along with happier, more personal events such as birthday parties and anniversaries set to a choral version of Fun's "Carry On," was clearly meant to depict the fast-food giant as an integral part of local communities across America.

For the most part, however, viewers' hearts remained decidedly unwarmed by the message. Barring a few supportive tweets, the reaction on social media after the ad aired during the Golden Globes was negative.

That @McDonald&rsquos commercial is shameless, vulgar, tasteless, cynical, crass. In other words, as bad as the food. #GoldenGlobes

&mdash Harold Itzkowitz (@HaroldItz) January 12, 2015

McDonald's is presenting itself as the face of corporate kindness? PAY YOUR EMPLOYEES A LIVING WAGE. #GoldenGlobes

&mdash Alonso Duralde (@ADuralde) January 12, 2015

Maybe instead of making that horrifyingly cynical #GoldenGlobes commercial, McDonald's could pay employees a living wage? #ImNotLovingIt

&mdash Eugene Mirman (@EugeneMirman) January 12, 2015

The company responded to the backlash in a statement, which read in part: "We've seen some strong praise and some negative comments. We expect that, and we welcome it. We'll continue to challenge ourselves to push boundaries in connecting with our customers."

Charlie Dove - History

Since the Cherokee had no written language, the White man’s records are of utmost importance in Cherokee genealogy (i.e. the citizenship rolls and censuses).

Additionally, Sequoyah’s syllabary is culturally and historically important and does provide some valuable help with records. Beginning in about 1822, many legal documents were signed by Cherokee using the syllabary. The advantage is a beginning of standardization of names , and the basis for accurate translation of the names into English. Also, the beginning of the publication of the Cherokee Nation newspaper, using the syllabary provides much 19 th century information.

Sequoyah, ( aka Sequaya, Se Quo Yah, or
George Guess) with his syllabary and a
silver Indian Peace Medal.
Generally, the U.S. government’s Cherokee records are available through the National Archives (NARA) but perhaps not at all regional facilities. All the Dawes Records are located at the Southwest Regional Office Fort Worth, Texas.

In later historic times, starting 1777, the Cherokee primarily inhabited southwest North Carolina, southeast Tennessee, northern Georgia, and northern Alabama. In 1777, the Cherokee gave up all their claims to South Carolina, and withdrew to west of the Blue Ridge Mountains. (See our Cherokee Nation of Indians page and map showing the greatest extent of the pre-1777 Cherokee Nation.)

A few Cherokee started moving west, first to what is now Missouri, where they did not stay long because of a series of earthquakes there (New Madrid Earthquake, Missouri Territory). Most of these moved to what is now Arkansas, or returned east. By 1817, there were about 5,000 Cherokee in what is now Arkansas. The states of Georgia and Tennessee wanted the remainder to leave. There was a treaty ceding lands in Georgia and Tennessee in return for an equal amount of land in Arkansas Territory, the first Indian Territory.” This became known as the Cherokee Cession of 1817. The land was located between the Arkansas and White Rivers. The cession was extinguished by the U.S. at the time of the New Echota Treaty, 1835, which led directly to removal, “The Trail of Tears.” This is to say, until 1839, most of the remaining Cherokee lived east of the Mississippi. After 1839, most probably lived west of the river.

A much smaller number remained in the Old Cherokee Nation east of the Mississippi, hence the two modern bands of the Cherokee, Western and Eastern.

((“Cherokee Nation East” is a modern concept, not used by the Cherokee people at the time. In early historic times (1755), the divisions were Over Hill Towns, Valley Towns, Middle Towns, Keowee Towns, Out Towns, and Lower Towns, all referencing the general location of the Cherokee towns.))

The Cherokee Nation after the Trail of Tears was divided into several different groups. Those who removed *prior* to the Trail of Tears were known as *Old Settlers,* (some of who went into Texas -- to be known as the Texas Cherokee), the Emigrant Cherokee, and the Treaty Party.

((*Texas Cherokee* is a modern convention, not used by the Cherokee. Those who came to Texas were known as Diwali’s band for the leader of that group. ”Offically” they were present from about 1819 (a small band) and 1840 (a larger group invited by Sam Houston and Stephen F. Austin to aid in the Texans revolt against Mexico -- the Cherokee were expected to buffer the immigrant Texicans from the Comanche and Kiowa who believed that what is now Texas was their hunting grounds. There are remnant descendants of Diwali’s band and the subsequent “buffer” group who still live in Texas and Mexico, but they are not recognized by any of the Federal tribes as a tribe.

The Emigrants and the Treaty Party are basically the same group, although the Treaty Group (re: New Echota Treaty of 1835), are the active political group who were blamed for Removal.))

The *Old Settlers* (mostly settling in Arkansas, between 1817 and 1835) removed so as to get away from the White Intruders in the Old Cherokee Nation.

This list of Rolls has been gleaned from the Internet. I have included microfilm numbers if known, however, these numbers have not been verified! No books or CDs included. I do not guarantee that this list is without error and omissions -- and the Rolls may be known with two (or more) different names. Therefore, I may have them listed here TWICE!

1817 Reservation Roll (those requesting a reservation). The 1817 treaty allowed for a six hundred and forty acre life estate per head of household, which upon the death of the grantee, or abandonment of the land by the grantee, reverted to the state microfilm Group 75.

1817 Emigration Roll (1817-1835 Old Settlers) microfilm A21.

1835 Henderson Roll (also called the Trail of Tears roll). 16,000 plus Cherokee residing in Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, and Tennessee who were supposed to remove to Indian Territory under New Echota Treaty of 1835 microfilm T496.

1848 Mullay Roll (resided in North Carolina). 1,517 Cherokee remaining in North Carolina after removal. Taken as a result of an Act of Congress microfilm 7RA6.

1851 Old Settlers Roll This is the Roll of those still alive in 1851, who were already resident in *Oklahoma* by 1839, when the emigrants arrived. This group was about 1/3 the total Cherokee population in what is now Oklahoma. Note: it is important to recognize that this census did not include those “Old Settlers” who remained in Arkansas, Texas, or Mexico microfilm M-685, Reel 12.

1851 Siler Roll (Cherokee East of the Mississippi) microfilm 7RA6.

1852 Chapman Roll (Cherokee East of the Mississippi) The Chapman Roll was taken in 1851 by Alfred Chapman . This roll, which followed almost immediately the Siler Roll, was a result of many complaints by various Cherokees of having been omitted by Siler (JWJ) microfilm M-685.

1852 Drennen Roll (Emigrant Cherokee in Indian Territory). This roll was the first census of the emigrants/new arrivals of 1839. This was the “Trail of Tears” survivors, or New Echota Treaty Group microfilm M-685.

1854 Act of Congress Roll (Cherokee East of the Mississippi) microfilm 7RA6.

1860 Census (of whites in Cherokee Nation)

1867 Tompkin Roll microfilm 7RA4.

1867 Census of Cherokee East of the Mississippi microfilm 7A29.

1867 Kern-Clifton Roll of Cherokee Freedmen , January 16, 1867.

1869 Sweatland Roll (resided in North Carolina ) NARA roll, but number not found.

1880 Cherokee Census microfilm 7RA7.

1880 Lipe Roll microfilm 7RA33.

1883 Cherokee Census microfilm 7RA29 Reels 1 & 2.

1883 Cherokee Roll microfilm 7RA56.

1883 Hester Roll (Cherokee East of the Mississippi) microfilm M685.

1886 Cherokee Census microfilm 7RA58.

1890 Cherokee Census microfilm 7RA60.

1890 Cherokee Payment Roll (The Receipt Roll) microfilm 7RA59.

1890 Wallace Roll (of Cherokee Freedmen in Indian Territory)
((Wallace Roll of Cherokee Freedmen in Indian Territory. These rolls were created because the Cherokee citizenship of many ex-slaves of the Cherokee in Indian Territory was disputed by the Cherokee tribe. The establishment of their status was important in determining their right to live on Cherokee land and to share in certain annuity and other payments, including a special $75,000 award voted by Congress on October 19, 1888. A series of investigations was conducted in order to compile the rolls of the Cherokee Freedmen. These investigations were conducted by John W. Wallace, 1889-1890 Leo E. Bennett, 1891-92 Marcus D. Shelby, 1893 James G. Dickson, 1895-96 and William Clifton, William Thompson, and Robert H. Kern, 1896-97.))

1893 Cherokee Census microfilm 7RA54.

1894 Starrs Roll microfilm 7RA38.

1896 Old Settlers Payment (for Descendants of Old Settlers) microfilm 7RA34.

1896 Cherokee Census microfilm 7RA19.

1898-1902 (1914) Dawes Roll
((Rolls of Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory consisting of 634 pages of names. The Dawes Commission was organized in 1893 to accept applications for tribal enrollment between 1899 and 1907 (some were added as late as 1914), mostly from Indians who resided in the Indian Territory which later became the State of Oklahoma. Tribal membership entitled qualified individuals to land allotments from the U.S. Government. These enrollment records were eventually published as the Dawes Commission, also known as The Five Civilized Tribes, which consisted of the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek and Seminole Tribes.))

Categories of the Cherokee
as Found in the Dawes Commission Roll

Cherokee by Blood
“by blood” means the individual’s parent(s) were Cherokee, and (generally) that the parents had appeared on a previous census of the Cherokee - but not always. Source: Glen Davis

Minor Cherokee by Blood
For purposes of Dawes, “minor” means the individual was born during the enrollment period which, for the Cherokee in Oklahoma ended 01 Sept 1902. (There are some children on Dawes who were born between 1902 & 1906 - they were admitted if their parents were on the 1902 Roll.) Source: Glen Davis

Delaware Cherokee
Those listed as Delaware were adopted into the Cherokees. The Delaware reservation was in the very northeast corner of Indian Territory. Source: Glen Davis

Cherokee by Intermarriage
White spouses who were adopted into the tribe as Cherokee.

Cherokee Freedmen
Ex-slaves (of African descent) of Cherokee citizens. Before the Dawes Commission Freedmen had to also established that if they removed from Indian Territory prior to or during the Civil War, they returned thereto prior to Feb. 11, 1867 and resided continuously therefrom. Once these two criteria were “proved up” Freedmen were admitted to Cherokee citizenship. Source: Preston L. Washington

Minor Cherokee Freedmen
Minor children of Cherokee Freedmen who were born during the enrollment period which, for the Cherokee in Oklahoma ended 01 Sept 1902. (There are some children on Dawes who were born between 1902 & 1906 - they were admitted if their parents were on the 1902 Roll.) Source: Glen Davis

“Act of Congress” Cherokee
This category refers to those who were enrolled by an Act of Congress 01 Aug 1914. Source: Glen Davis

1900 Cherokee Nation Census

1907 Council Roll of Eastern Band Cherokee microfilm #M-1104, 1-348

1908 Churchill Roll (Cherokee East of the Mississippi) microfilm #M-1104, 1-348.

1909 Guion Miller Roll . A Roll of Eastern Cherokee containing 343 pages. Many Cherokee living in Indian Territory or Oklahoma are included in this list.

1924 Baker Roll . The final roll for the Eastern Band of the Cherokee. The Eastern band was able to avoid allotment but the roll still exists and is now the enrollment roll. #M-1104, 1-348

Legends of America

Co-founder of the Goodnight-Loving Trail, Charles Goodnight was born in Macoupin County, Illinois on March 5, 1836. Charles moved with his family to Waco, Texas in 1846 when he was ten years old. By the time he was 20, he was working as a cowboy and served with the local militia in the many fights against Comanche raiders. In 1857, he joined the Texas Rangers, where he continued to fight in the Indian Wars and served as an Indian scout. Later, when the Civil War began, he again served as a scout.

After the war, Goodnight joined up with Oliver Loving to move cattle from Fort Belknap, Texas to Fort Sumner, New Mexico, in what became known as the Goodnight-Loving Trail. It was during this time, that Charles would invent the chuck wagon when he rebuilt an army surplus Studebaker wagon for more practical use on a long cattle drive.

Unfortunately, Loving was killed by a Comanche war party in 1867, but this did not stop Goodnight from continuing to organize cattle drives on his own.

Though busy with his numerous cattle drives, Goodnight married Mary Ann (Molly) Dyer, a schoolteacher from Weatherford, Texas on July 26, 1870. A year later, he joined up with John Chisum and extended the trail from New Mexico to Colorado, and eventually to Wyoming.

Charles Goodnight when younger

In 1876, Goodnight founded what was to become the JA Ranch in Palo Duro Canyon. Partnering with John Adair, the ranch would wind up encompassing nearly a million acres, where they maintained a herd of about 100,000 head of cattle, as well as preserving a herd of bison, which continues to survive today.

In the summer of 1878, Goodnight took the first JA trail herd north to Dodge City, Kansas, which at the time was the nearest railhead. Blazing the Palo Duro-Dodge City Trail, the path would quickly become well-used by a number of Panhandle ranchers in the upcoming years. Just a few months later, when destitute Indians from the reservations in Indian Territory arrived to hunt the now-scarce buffalo, Goodnight made his famous treaty with Quanah Parker in which he promised two beeves every other day if Parker and his followers would not disturb the JA herd.

In 1879 Goodnight moved the ranch headquarters to Turkey Creek, farther east, to be closer to the railroad. There he built a new ranch, a log home for himself, and later, a stone house for the Adairs to live in.

Palo Duro Canyon State Park, Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

By 1880, the area was suffering badly from a number of cattle rustlers, and having warned the Texas Rangers that if they could not handle the problem he would, he established the Panhandle Stockman’s Association. The association, located in Mobeetie, Texas, immediately began to take care of the cattle rustling problem themselves, by applying vigilante justice to the area’s outlaws and cattle thieves.

Foreseeing the end of the open range, Goodnight ended his association with Adair and the JA Ranch in 1889 and bought his own ranch at what would become the village of Goodnight, Texas. Here, he was reportedly the first Panhandle rancher to build fences of barbed wire.

Throughout the following years, Goodnight dabbled in a number of other endeavors, establishing the Goodnight College in Armstrong County, Texas, as well as working as a newspaperman and banker.

However, an investment in Mexican silver mines eventually brought him financial ruin. Forced to sell his ranch, Goodnight conveyed the property to a friend, oilman, W.J. McAlister in 1919, with the provision that he and his wife could stay in the home until they died. She passed before him in 1926, and Charles Goodnight lived there until the end of that year before moving to Clarendon, Texas. He passed away on December 12, 1929.

The JA Ranch continues to operate as an active ranch today, located within Palo Duro Canyon, and owned by Adair descendants. There, the original buildings, erected in 1879, are still standing, including the big stone house built for the Adairs. Though modernized and expanded, it continues to dominate the cluster of buildings at the ranch headquarters. The site of Goodnight’s original dug-out cabin is located within the Palo Duro Canyon State Park and has been rebuilt by the Panhandle-Plains Historical Society.

The frame-house where Goodnight lived from 1889 until 1926 is still standing in the town of Goodnight, Texas and was a private residence until 2005, when Mr. and Mrs. Brent Caviness and Mr. and Mrs. Marsh Pitman donated the home and 30 acres of land, along with an initial investment toward preservation, for the Charles Goodnight Historical Center. The Charles and Mary Ann Dyer Goodnight House is considered one of the most important historic structures in the Texas Panhandle, and for that matter, the state of Texas. Restoration of the house was completed in 2012 and operates as a museum and learning center.

Ecstasy or MDMA

Some of the most colorful slang terms are used for Ecstasy or MDMA, based on the name of the drug, effects, and appearance.

These terms include: Adam, Baby Slits, Beans, Booty Juice, Candy, Chocolate Chips, Clarity, Dancing Shoes, Decadence, Disco Biscuits, Doctor, Doves, E-Bomb, E, Egg Rolls, Essence, Happy Pill, Hug Drug, Kleenex, Love Doctor, Love Drug, Love Potion No. 9, Love Trip, Malcolm, Malcolm X, Molly, Scooby Snacks, Skittles, Slits, Smartees, Speed for lovers, Sweets, Thizz, Vitamin E, Vitamin X, Vowels, and XTC.

Watch the video: charlie dove crazy